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Bike facts

Kids shift into gear with the woom ORIGINAL 4

There's no universal rule that dictates when a child is ready to transition to a geared bike; first and foremost, it depends on their ability as well as where and how they ride. For kids that are learning to ride – or who have just grasped the basics – it's wise to stick to a single-speed bike until they are ready for the added complexities of gears. Keep reading to see when gears make the most sense for your child:

Sarah Schwarz

All beginnings are…

When your child is first getting into bikes, it's important for them to feel at ease, knowing that they can get used to each new movement at their own pace. There are many new skills to learn, like keeping balance, steering, braking, and then combining it all. It's far from easy!


Watch this video for tips on how to teach your child to use their balance bike

Time to start pedalling!

Has your child already mastered balance and braking safely? Now it's time for the next step: their first pedal bike. As a general rule, children move onto their first pedal bike between the ages of three and five. The biggest difference to their current balance bike is that they’re now expected to pedal. Before they even get on the bike, our top suggestion is to begin by demonstrating the fundamentals of how a pedal bike actually works. 

Then it's time to get out in the real world. Don't forget to make sure the emphasis is on having fun rather than training. Through the act of playing, children will subconsciously pick up on the essentials of bike riding – pushing off to start, turning the pedals, using the front and rear brakes, and coming to a gentle stop. 

During this learning phase, your child should focus exclusively on the act of riding to ensure that they get the hang of being on the bike. Adding gears at this early stage would be distracting and they’re likely to be overwhelmed by the addition of a whole new process. What’s more, distances tend to be limited at a young age; short routes to nursery or a local playground won’t usually require gears. 

But time flies – and often before you know it – the little adventurers will be ready to step up a gear…

... with gears on their bike! 

Now we're talking! Your child has mastered the basics of biking, cruises around corners with ease, and whizzes up and down small hills. Perhaps you're now planning some routes that cover a bit more distance? Here's where one gear just won't cut it!

 Gears are recommended from the age of six and on 20-inch wheeled bikes and upwards. This is why we have developed the woom ORIGINAL 4 with seven gears for this age group. We've set up the gears to be as intuitive and simple as possible so that kids pick up the skill quickly and learn to twist-shift their way through the gears without any difficulties: 

  • The twist-shifter offers a firm grip for children's hands
  • Minimal hand strength is required to twist
  • Shifting is precise and perceptible
  • A child can see exactly which gear they're in on the gear indicator

Learning how to shift correctly

Let's break for a brief technical interlude: when changing gears, the rear derailleur moves the chain onto a different sprocket on the rear cassette. To ensure that the chain glides smoothly onto the teeth of the sprocket, the chain needs to be moving. That means your child has to keep pedaling gently while changing gear.

Allocate some time to explain the principle of gears to your child and go through the various components individually. You should aim to stay alongside them as they're practising. For this purpose, try and find a flat or slightly downhill stretch of tarmac that's free from traffic. Now, for the action:

  1. Set off and build up momentum
  2. Pedal a bit harder in the phase just before shifting
  3. Remove pressure from the pedals and twist the gear shifter
  4. Keep pedalling gently until the chain has moved between the sprockets
  5. Once the chain is in place, pedal normally again

Timing is everything! It's pretty likely that your child won't immediately be able to gauge the right moment to shift. To give them support, you can go shout out the steps in real time to them. Shifting shouldn't cause a lot of noise – you usually hear a grinding, cranky noise when it's done under too much pressure. After a bit of practice, changing gear will become buttery smooth. Once it's second nature, it won't just be kinder on the bike and your child's legs, it'll also be more fun. 

Is your child finding it hard to shift? That's not super uncommon – especially not with petite kids who are already able to ride the woom ORIGINAL 4 at the age of four or five, as they may not have developed sufficient strength in their hands. The twisting movement takes a bit of practice too.

If your child is still struggling with the gears despite having a strong grip and lots of practice, it could be that the gears need adjusting. You'll notice there's an issue if the gears slip or the chain comes off. There's information about how to set up the gears correctly inside the instruction manual of your woom bike and in this video.

If you're inexperienced when it comes to bike mechanics, it's a good idea to ask a specialist to take a closer look at your child's gears.



Before getting off the bike, make sure your child shifts down to a low gear. This will make the next ride even easier to begin.

So what are the benefits of gears?

On a practical level, having a bicycle with gears makes cycling easier. On the one hand, your child will be able to climb more comfortably and it’ll feel less demanding. And on the other hand, they'll be able to reach higher speeds – and keep them. The most important thing here is that your child picks the right gear: 

  • When the chain is on a small sprocket on the cassette, this is called a 'high gear'. This means that pedalling is more difficult, but the bike covers more distance per pedal revolution. ↠ It's now faster and easier to pedal on the flat and on downhills.
  • When the chain is on a large sprocket on the cassette, this is called a 'low gear'. It makes pedalling easier, but means the bike covers less distance per pedal revolution. ↠ This is best on climbs and when setting off.

The hunt for the right gear might require some patience. Take it slowly and over time they will get the feel for which gears work in which scenarios.

Once your child has got the hang of it, there’s nothing stopping you all from riding further afield on bigger adventures. Enjoy the process and we know you will have lots of great adventures ahead!

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